Appendix 5 - List of Acronyms

AB                                Abstain, Be faithful

ABC                             Abstain, Be faithful, correct and consistent use of Condoms

AIDS                             Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

ANC                             Antenatal Care

APR                             Annual Program Results

APS                             Annual Program Statement

ART                              Antiretroviral Treatment  

ARV                             Antiretroviral (Drug)

AZT                              Azidothymidine (Zidovudine)

BCC                             Behavior Change Communication

CBO                             Community-Based Organization

CCM                             Country Coordinating Mechanisms

CDC                             Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (of HHS)

CHART                         Caribbean HIV/AIDS Regional Training Network

CHW                            Community Health Workers

CIDA                             Canadian International Development Agency

COPRS                         Country Operational Plan Reporting System

CSH                             Child Survival and Health

CSW                            Commercial Sex Worker

CT                                HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing

DHS                             Demographic Health Survey

DoD                              Department of Defense

DOL                              Department of Labor 

DOS                             Department of State

DOTS                           Directly-Observed Therapy, Short Course Strategy

EID                               Early Infant Diagnosis

EP                                Emergency Plan

FBO                             Faith-Based Organization

FDA                              Food and Drug Administration

FDC                              Fixed Dose Combination

GAP                             Global AIDS Program (of HHS)

GBV                             Gender-Based Violence

Global Fund                   Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria

GH                               Bureau of Global Health (of USAID)

GHAI                            Global HIV/AIDS Initiative

GHCS                           Global Health and Child Survival

HAART                         Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

HHS                             Department of Health and Human Services

HRSA                           Health Resources and Services Administration (of HHS)

HIV                               Human Immunodeficiency Virus

HBC                             Home-Based Care

HMIS                            Health Management Information Systems

IEC                               Information, Education and Communication

IDB                               Inter-American Development Bank

IDU                               Injecting Drug User

ILO                               International Labor Organization

IOM                              Institute of Medicine

IPT                               Isoniazid Preventive Therapy

MARPs                         Most-At-Risk Populations

MDR-TB                        Multi-Drug Resistant TB

M&E                             Monitoring and Evaluation

MOH                             Ministry of Health

MSM                            Men Who Have Sex with Men

NGO                             Nongovernmental Organizations

NIH                               National Institutes of Health (of HHS)

OGAC                           Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator

OHA                             Office of HIV/AIDS (of USAID)

OI                                 Opportunistic Infection

OP                               Other Prevention

OVC                             Orphans and Vulnerable Children

PAHO                           Pan American Health Organization

PC                                Peace Corps

PEP                             Post-Exposure Prophylaxis

PEPFAR                       President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief

PLWHA                        People Living with HIV/AIDS

PMTCT                         Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission

PwP                             Prevention with Positives

RT&C                            Rapid Testing and Counseling

SAPR                           Semi-Annual Program Results

S/ES                            Executive Secretariat (of DOS)

SI                                 Strategic Information

State                            Department of State

STI                               Sexually Transmitted Infection

TB                                Tuberculosis

UNAIDS                        The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

UNDP                           United Nations Development Program

UNICEF                        United Nations Children’s Fund

UNFPA                         United Nations Population Fund

USAID                          U.S. Agency for International Development

USG                             United States Government

VCT                              Voluntary HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing

WFP                             World Food Program

WHO                            World Health Organization


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