Appendix 5 - List of Acronyms


  • AB – Abstinence and Be Faithful
  • ABC – Abstain, Be faithful, and, as appropriate, correct and consistent use of Condoms
  • AF – African Affairs (State Department Bureau)
  • AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
  • ANC – Antenatal Care
  • APR – Annual Program Result
  • APS – Annual Program Statement
  • ART – Antiretroviral treatment
  • ARV – Antiretroviral (Drug)
  • BCC – Behavior Change Communication
  • CBJ – Congressional budget justification
  • CBO – Community-Based Organization
  • CCM – Country Coordinating Mechanism
  • CDC – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (part of HHS)
  • CHW – Community Health Workers
  • CN – Congressional Notification
  • COC – Continuum of Care
  • CODB – Costs of Doing the USG’s PEPFAR Business
  • COP – Country Operational Plan
  • COPRS – Country Operational Plan and Reporting System
  • CSH – Child Survival & Health (USAID funding account)
  • CSW – Commercial Sex Work
  • DfID – Department for International Development (UK)
  • DoD – U.S. Department of Defense
  • DOL – U.S. Department of Labor
  • DOS – Department of State
  • EID – Early Infant Diagnosis
  • EAP – East Asian and Pacific Affairs (State Department Bureau)
  • EHSP – Essential Health Services Package
  • EUR – European and Eurasian Affairs (State Department Bureau)
  • F – Office of the Director of Foreign Assistance
  • FBO – Faith-Based Organization
  • FDA – Food and Drug Administration (part of HHS)
  • FN – Food and Nutrition
  • FSW – Female Sex Workers
  • FSN – Foreign Service National
  • FTE – Full-time Equivalent
  • FY – Fiscal Year
  • GAP – Global AIDS Program (CDC)
  • GBV – Gender-Based Violence
  • GHAI – Global HIV/AIDS Initiative (funding account; replaced by GHCS)
  • GHCS – Global Health Child Survival funds (funding account)
  • Global Fund – Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
  • HAART – Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
  • HBC – Home-Based Care
  • HCT – HIV Counseling and Testing
  • HCW – Health Care Workers
  • HHS – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
  • HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • HMIS – Health Management Information System
  • HQ – Headquarters
  • HRSA – Health Resources and Services Administration (part of HHS)
  • HRH – Human Resources for Health
  • HSS – Health Systems Strengthening
  • ICASS – International Cooperative Administrative Support Services
  • ID – Identification
  • IDP – Internally-Displaced Person
  • IDU – Injecting Drug User
  • INR – Intelligence and Research (State Department Bureau)
  • IPT – Isoniazid Preventive Therapy
  • IRM – Information Resources Management
  • LES – Locally Employed Staff
  • M&E – Monitoring and Evaluation
  • M&O – Management and Operations
  • MARPs – Most-at-Risk Populations
  • MCA – Millennium Challenge Account
  • MCH – Maternal and Child Health
  • MDR-TB – Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis
  • MFI – Microfinance Institution
  • MOA – Memorandum of Agreement
  • MOH – Ministry of Health
  • MOU – Memorandum of Understanding
  • MSM – Men Who Have Sex with Men
  • MSW – Male Sex Workers
  • N/A – Not Applicable
  • NEA – Near Eastern Affairs (State Department Bureau)
  • NGO – Non-governmental Organization
  • NPI – New Partners Initiative
  • NIH – National Institutes of Health (part of HHS)
  • OGAC – Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (part of State)
  • OGHA – Office of Global Health Affairs (part of HHS)
  • OI – Opportunistic Infection
  • OMB – Office of Management and Budget
  • OS – Office of the Secretary (part of HHS)
  • OP – Other Prevention
  • OVC – Orphans and Vulnerable Children
  • PAHO – Pan American Health Organization
  • PC – Peace Corps
  • PEP – Post-exposure Prophylaxis
  • PEPFAR – President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
  • PITC – Provider-Initiated Counseling and Testing
  • PLWHA – People Living with HIV/AIDS
  • PM – Political-Military Affairs (State Department Bureau)
  • PMTCT – Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission
  • PPP – Public-Private Partnership
  • PR – Principal Recipient
  • PSC – Personal Services Contract
  • PwP – Prevention with Positives
  • QA – Quality Assurance
  • ROP – Regional Operational Plan
  • S/APR – Semi-Annual Program Result
  • SAMHSA – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (part of HHS)
  • SCMS – Partnership for Supply Chain Management
  • SI – Strategic Information
  • STI – Sexually-Transmitted Infection
  • TA – Technical Assistance
  • TB - Tuberculosis
  • TWG – Technical Working Group
  • UNAIDS – Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS
  • UNICEF – United Nations Children’s Fund
  • USAID – U.S. Agency for International Development
  • USDA – U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • USDH – U.S. Direct Hire
  • USG – United States Government
  • VCT – Voluntary Counseling and Testing
  • VMMC – Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision
  • WFP – World Food Program
  • WHA -– Western Hemisphere Affairs (State Department Bureau)
  • WHO – World Health Organization

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