AIDS is still among the most deadly infectious diseases in the world. In sub-Saharan Africa, the epicenter of the pandemic, it is the leading cause of death. More than 22 million of those infected - more than two thirds of all people living with HIV/AIDS - live in the region, and approximately 1.7 million people die of AIDS there each year, more than three-quarters of the global total.
However, there is new reason for hope. On a global basis, UNAIDS also estimates that the number of people dying of AIDS-related causes has declined in recent years, from 2.2 million in 2005 to 2.1 million in 2007. This is the first time such a decline has occurred, and the change is due largely to the increased availability of antiretroviral treatment - though improved prevention and care programs have likely contributed as well.
Lives prolonged through treatment benefit not only those on treatment. The ultimate measure of treatment is the daily impact on individual lives, and therefore on their families, communities and nations.
PEPFAR Five-Year Goal:
Progress Achieved through September 30, 2008:
Allocation of Resources in FY2008:
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