A central tenet for program assistance in all USG bilateral programs is to coordinate with and facilitate implementation of the Global Fund for HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria resources, which are generally significantly larger than bilateral resources in those countries outside of the focus countries. The USG is the largest donor to the Global Fund, providing approximately one-third of Global Fund resources. Investments in the Global Fund are essential elements of the Emergency Plan Global Strategy in the fight against AIDS, and implementation of the Emergency Plan has demonstrated the interdependence of these two approaches on the ground. Given the magnitude of the USG investment in the Global Fund and the commitment of the USG to the principles of the Three Ones, all bilateral programs should invest resources and focus activities to support Global Fund grantees to leverage Global Fund resources and help bring successful programs to scale. Examples of support include: strengthening the capacity of Country Coordination Mechanisms, placing time-limited logistics advisors in Ministries of Health to strengthen logistics systems and create unified procurement approaches, or other specialized technical assistance (including management training). Such investments should be time-limited, as opposed to long-term recurring costs, and be oriented to specific outcomes that will allow Global Fund money to flow more quickly and efficiently.
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