Acronyms and Abbreviations


AB   Abstinence, Be faithful
ABC   Abstinence, Be faithful, and, as appropriate, correct and consistent use of Condoms
ACT   Artemisin-based combination therapy (for malaria)
AEI   African Education Initiative
AIS   AIDS Indicator Surveys
ANC   Antenatal clinic
ART   Antiretroviral treatment
ARV   Antiretroviral drug
BMIST   Battlefield Medical Information System-Tactical
CBO   Community-based organization
CCM   Country Coordinating Mechanism
CDC   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
COP   Country Operational Plan
COPRS   Country Operational Plan and Reporting System
COM   Chief of Mission
CPT   Co-trimoxazole preventive therapy
CY   Calendar year
DBS   Dried blood spot
DHAPP   Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program
DHS   Demographic and Health Survey
DoC   Department of Commerce (U.S.)
DoD   Department of Defense (U.S.)
DoL   Department of Labor (U.S.)
DOTS   Directly Observed Therapy, Short Course
DRA   Drug regulatory authority
DTC   Diagnostic testing and counseling
FBO   Faith-based organization
FDA   Food and Drug Administration
FDC   Fixed-dose combination (formulation)
FY   Fiscal year
GAP   Global AIDS Program (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
GBV   Gender-based violence
GIS   Geographic Information Systems
GTT   Global Task Team on Improving AIDS Coordination Among Multilateral Institutions and International Donors
HAART   Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
HBC   Home-based care
HHS   Department of Health and Human Services (U.S.)
HMIS   Health management information systems
HRH   Human resources for health
HRSA   Health Resource and Services Administration
ICT   Information and communications technology
IDU   Injecting drug user
IT   Information technology
MAP   Multi-Country AIDS Programme (World Bank)
M&E   Monitoring and evaluation
MoH   Ministry of Health
MSM   Men who have sex with men
NACP   National AIDS Control Program
NGO   Non-governmental organization
NIAID   National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIH   National Institutes of Health
NPI   New Partners Initiative
NRL   National Resource Laboratory
OGAC   Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator
OI   Opportunistic infection
OMB   Office of Management and Budget
OVC   Orphans and vulnerable children
PART   Performance Assessment Rating Tool
PCR   Polymerase chain reaction
PDA   Personal digital assistant
PEP   Post-exposure prophylaxis
PEPFAR   President�s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (Emergency Plan)
PHE   Public Health Evaluation
PLWHA   People living with HIV/AIDS
PMI   Presidential Malaria Initiative
PMTCT   Prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission
PPP   Public-private partnership
PR   Principal recipient
PSC   Policy and Strategy Committee
SAMHSA   Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
SCMS   Supply Chain Management System
SI   Strategic information
STI   Sexually transmitted infection
TB   Tuberculosis
UNAIDS   Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
UNHCR   United Nations High Commission for Refugees
UNICEF   United Nations Children�s Fund
USAID   United States Agency for International Development
USAID/OIG   U.S. Agency for International Development Office of the Inspector General
USG   United States Government
VCT   Voluntary counseling and testing
WHO   World Health Organization
XDR-TB   Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis
ZDV   Zidovudine

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